Water and Matter Flows in Mountainous Watersheds of Southeast Asia: Processes and Implications for Management

  • Holger L. Fröhlich
  • Joachim Ingwersen
  • Petra Schmitter
  • Marc Lamers
  • Thomas Hilger
  • Iven Schad
Part of the Springer Environmental Science and Engineering book series (SPRINGERENVIRON)


The mountainous ecosystems of Southeast Asia have experienced a tremendous increase in human activity over the last few decades. An integral part of land use change and land use intensification in the area is the changes in water and matter cycling that have taken place, a situation which calls for increased attention to be paid to resource management, particularly given the environmental vulnerability of the region. Building on four case studies that describe the consequences of such change and provide implications for resource management with regard to flooding, nutrient stocks and fluxes, and the fate of pesticides, we develop a general perspective on current matter and water related issues. This perspective will require us to integrate (1) knowledge on water and matter related processes, (2) the spatial and temporal scales on which they are active and through which they connect inside a watershed, and (3) their physiographic (site and land use specific) domains.









Clean Development Mechanism


Cation Exchange Capacity


Diameter at breast height


Good Agricultural Practice






Distribution coefficient


Organic carbon normalized distribution coefficient


Land-use type


Mountainous mainland Southeast Asia






Stream discharge


Rapid Carbon Stock Appraisal


Soil organic matter


Trees in multi-Use Landscapes in Southeast Asia



We are indebted to the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) for their generous funding of the Uplands Program (SFB 564). We would like to thank Ludger Herrmann and Carsten Marohn for their helpful comments, Gary Morrison for reading through the English, and Peter Elstner for helping with the layout.

Open Access. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2013

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Holger L. Fröhlich
    • 1
  • Joachim Ingwersen
    • 2
  • Petra Schmitter
    • 3
  • Marc Lamers
    • 2
  • Thomas Hilger
    • 4
  • Iven Schad
    • 5
  1. 1.The Uplands Program (SFB 564)University of HohenheimStuttgartGermany
  2. 2.Department of Biogeophysics (310d)University of HohenheimStuttgartGermany
  3. 3.Singapore –Delft Water AllianceNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  4. 4.Department of Plant Production in the Tropics and Subtropics (380a)University of HohenheimStuttgartGermany
  5. 5.Department of Agricultural Communication and Extension (430a)University of HohenheimStuttgartGermany

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