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From Challenges to Sustainable Solutions for Upland Agriculture in Southeast Asia

  • Pepijn SchreinemachersEmail author
  • Holger L. Fröhlich
  • Gerhard Clemens
  • Karl Stahr
Chapter
Part of the Springer Environmental Science and Engineering book series (SPRINGERENVIRON)

Abstract

Agriculture carried out in the mountainous areas of Southeast Asia is intensifying rapidly, driven as it is by economic growth, policy changes, the introduction of new technologies and population growth. Rice, the dominant crop, is giving way to a greater variety of cash crops such as maize, vegetables, fruits, flowers and rubber. Building on a long-term interdisciplinary research project run by the University of Hohenheim over the period 2000–2014, in collaboration with various universities and research institutes in Thailand and Vietnam, we discuss three interrelated problems that tend to accompany land use intensification in mountainous areas, these being rapid land degradation, increasing levels of pesticide use and pollution, and persistent poverty. We set the framework for this book by introducing these problems and discussing how research into the development, testing and adaptation of innovations, as well as the development of knowledge on mountainous land use systems, has contributed to more sustainable land use and rural development among the mountainous areas of Southeast Asia.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, the National Research Council of Thailand (NRCT) and the Ministry of Science and Technology of Vietnam for their funding of the Uplands Program (SFB 564), Franz Heidhues and Joachim Mueller for their helpful comments, Gary Morrison for reading through the English and Peter Elstner for providing the data and map and helping with the layout.

Open Access. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2013

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pepijn Schreinemachers
    • 1
    Email author
  • Holger L. Fröhlich
    • 2
  • Gerhard Clemens
    • 3
  • Karl Stahr
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Land Use Economics in the Tropics and Subtropics (490d)University of HohenheimStuttgartGermany
  2. 2.The Uplands Program (SFB 564)University of HohenheimStuttgartGermany
  3. 3.Department of Soil Science and Petrography (310a)University of HohenheimStuttgartGermany

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