ACL Injury Prevention Warm-up Programs

  • Frank R. Noyes
  • Sue D. Barber-WestinEmail author


This chapter focuses on ACL injury prevention “warm-up” programs which have published data on ACL injury rates, athletic performance indicators, or neuromuscular factors. The goal is to determine if a recommendation may be made from the available peer-reviewed literature to date on the usage of these types of programs. Many ACL injury intervention programs designed to replace the traditional warm-up of several team sports have been tested. The potential advantages of these programs include improved practicality and compliance and decreased fatigue compared to training programs that are longer in duration. The possible disadvantages are failure to alter neuromuscular deficits, improve athletic performance indices, statistically reduce the noncontact ACL injury rate, and solve problems with long-term compliance issues.


Anterior Cruciate Ligament Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Injury Prevention Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture Knee Flexion Angle 
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Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cincinnati Sportsmedicine and Orthopaedic CenterCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.Cincinnati Sportsmedicine Research and Education FoundationCincinnatiUSA

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