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Performing Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses

  • Alexandrina L. Dumitrescu
Chapter
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Abstract

Health care professionals are increasingly required to base their practice on the best available evidence. After a literature search on a specific clinical question, many articles may be retrieved. The quality of the studies may be variable, and the individual studies might have produced conflicting results. It is therefore important that health care decisions are not based solely on one or two studies without account being taken of the whole range of research information available on that topic.

Systematic reviews have rapidly gained an important place in aiding clinical decision-making in medicine, although dentistry has been a little slower to adopt this approach. Systematic reviews are themselves considered a research activity, although the data are derived from primary studies in the area of interest rather than from direct experimentation.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexandrina L. Dumitrescu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PeriodontologyUniversity of Tromsø Institute of Clinical DentistryTromsøNorway
  2. 2.Private practiceBucharestRomania

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