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The Fragility of Volcán de Colima—A Material Constraint

  • Yan LavalléeEmail author
  • Michael J. Heap
  • Jackie E. Kendrick
  • Ulrich Kueppers
  • Donald B. Dingwell
Chapter
Part of the Active Volcanoes of the World book series (AVOLCAN)

Abstract

The accurate assessment of volcanic unrest relies on a precise and timely interpretation of the source mechanisms of the signals monitored. Such an interpretation is facilitated by a comprehensive description of the physico-chemical properties of the geomaterials involved. The current understanding of the properties of the volcanic materials forming Volcán de Colima include (1) the physical properties of the erupted products (e.g., porosity, elastic wave velocities, density, Young’s modulus, and permeability), (2) the mechanical properties and failure modes of the rocks forming the volcanic edifice (e.g., compressive and tensile strength, brittle-ductile transition) and, (3) the rheology of recently erupted magmas (e.g., viscosity, viscous-brittle transition). This attempt at a holistic physical description of the volcanic materials involved in eruptions at Volcán de Colima enables an appraisal of the deformation mechanisms and effective material strengths that regulate the volcano edifice stability and the scale of potential hazard scenarios.

Keywords

Volcán de Colima Andesite Lava dome Eruption Rock Magma Ductile-brittle transition Microstructure Crack density Vesicle size distribution Uniaxial compressive strength Elastic moduli Elastic wave velocity Viscosity Thermal-stressing 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We wish to thank Miguel Alatorre-Ibargüengoitia, Soureya Becker, Niklas Berninger, Jonathan Bruce Hanson, Fabian Goldstein, Stephan Kolzenburg, Sebastian Mueller, Sebastian Mueller (not an accidental duplication, but a common Bavarian name) Linda Petrakova, Dominique Richard, and Oliver Spieler for their help during field work, sample collection, and some of the data analysis. M. J. Heap would also like to thank Jamie Farquharson for performing the BIC analysis. Y. Lavallée acknowledges financial support from the DFG grant LA2651/3-1 and ERC Starting Grant on Strain Localisation in Magmas (SLiM, project 306488). D. B. Dingwell acknowledges a research Professorship from the Bundesexzellenzinitiative (LMUexcellent) and the ERC Advanced Grant on Explosive volcanism in the earth system: experimental insights (EVOKES, project 247076). M. J. Heap acknowledges a CNRS INSU grant and an Initiative d’Excellence (IDEX) “Attractivité” grant (VOLPERM). This research was partly funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG; Grant No. 03G0584A), by the DAAD-CONACYT cooperation program between Germany and Mexico, by the Bavarian Elite Network, and by two Hubert Curien Partnership (PHC) PROCOPE grants (grant numbers 27061UE and 332065SG) the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs (MAE) and the Ministry of Higher Education and Research (MESR), in France, and the Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD) in Germany.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yan Lavallée
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michael J. Heap
    • 2
  • Jackie E. Kendrick
    • 1
  • Ulrich Kueppers
    • 3
  • Donald B. Dingwell
    • 3
  1. 1.Earth, Ocean and Ecological SciencesUniversity of LiverpoolLiverpoolUK
  2. 2.Géophysique Expérimentale, École et Observatoire des Sciences de la Terre, Institut de Physique de Globe de StrasbourgUniversité de Strasbourg (UMR 7516 CNRS)StrasbourgFrance
  3. 3.Earth and Environmental SciencesLudwig Maximilian University (LMU)MunichGermany

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