Viral-associated Ventilator-associated Pneumonia

  • M. Esperatti
  • A. López-Giraldo
  • A. Torres
Part of the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (AUICEM, volume 2012)


Nosocomial pneumonia is the most commonly acquired infection in intensive care units (ICUs). Its frequency is approximately 10 cases/1000 admissions; however, the incidence may increase to 20 times that number in patients undergoing invasive mechanical ventilation [1–3]. The overall incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) may range between 15 % to 20 % [2–6]. This complication prolongs the length of hospital stay, increases healthcare costs and may increase mortality [4, 5, 7, 8].


Lower Respiratory Tract Nosocomial Pneumonia Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome Invasive Mechanical Ventilation Viral Reactivation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Esperatti
  • A. López-Giraldo
  • A. Torres

There are no affiliations available

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