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Short-Lived Trace Gases in the Surface Ocean and the Atmosphere

  • Peter S. Liss
  • Christa A. Marandino
  • Elizabeth E. Dahl
  • Detlev Helmig
  • Eric J. Hintsa
  • Claire Hughes
  • Martin T. Johnson
  • Robert M. Moore
  • John M. C. Plane
  • Birgit Quack
  • Hanwant B. Singh
  • Jacqueline Stefels
  • Roland von Glasow
  • Jonathan Williams
Part of the Springer Earth System Sciences book series (SPRINGEREARTH)

Abstract

The two-way exchange of trace gases between the ocean and the atmosphere is important for both the chemistry and physics of the atmosphere and the biogeochemistry of the oceans, including the global cycling of elements. Here we review these exchanges and their importance for a range of gases whose lifetimes are generally short compared to the main greenhouse gases and which are, in most cases, more reactive than them. Gases considered include sulphur and related compounds, organohalogens, non-methane hydrocarbons, ozone, ammonia and related compounds, hydrogen and carbon monoxide. Finally, we stress the interactivity of the system, the importance of process understanding for modeling, the need for more extensive field measurements and their better seasonal coverage, the importance of inter-calibration exercises and finally the need to show the importance of air-sea exchanges for global cycling and how the field fits into the broader context of Earth System Science.

Keywords

Dissolve Organic Matter Coloured Dissolve Organic Matter Cloud Condensation Nucleus Marine Boundary Layer Ozone Flux 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© The Author(s) 2014

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter S. Liss
    • 1
    • 2
  • Christa A. Marandino
    • 3
  • Elizabeth E. Dahl
    • 4
  • Detlev Helmig
    • 5
  • Eric J. Hintsa
    • 6
  • Claire Hughes
    • 7
  • Martin T. Johnson
    • 1
    • 8
  • Robert M. Moore
    • 9
  • John M. C. Plane
    • 10
  • Birgit Quack
    • 3
  • Hanwant B. Singh
    • 11
  • Jacqueline Stefels
    • 12
  • Roland von Glasow
    • 1
  • Jonathan Williams
    • 13
  1. 1.Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, School of Environmental SciencesUniversity of East AngliaNorwichUK
  2. 2.Department of OceanographyTexas A & M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  3. 3.GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research KielKielGermany
  4. 4.Loyola University MarylandBaltimoreUSA
  5. 5.Institute of Arctic and Alpine ResearchBoulderUSA
  6. 6.University of Colorado and NOAA Global Monitoring DivisionBoulderUSA
  7. 7.Environment DepartmentUniversity of YorkYorkUK
  8. 8.Centre for environment, fisheries and aquaculture scienceLowestoftUK
  9. 9.Department of OceanographyDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada
  10. 10.University of LeedsLeedsUK
  11. 11.NASA Ames Research CentreMountain ViewUSA
  12. 12.Centre for Life Sciences, Ecophysiology of PlantsUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  13. 13.Department of Atmospheric ChemistryMax Planck Institute for ChemistryMainzGermany

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