Enthalpy of mixing of Ti-Zr (titanium-zirconium) system

  • F. Predel
Part of the Physical Chemistry book series (volume 12D)


This chapter provides the enthalpy of mixing of Ti-Zr (titanium-zirconium) system.


After estimating the enthalpies of mixing by Kaufman et al. [70Kau], later on, Thiedemann et al. [99Thi] have experimentally determined ΔHL-values using the levitation alloying calorimetry at a mean temperature of 2340 K. The ΔHL - values are, within the scatter of experimental error, not markedly dependent on temperature. The results, as given by [99Thi], are plotted in Fig. 1.

The estimated ΔHL- values are much smaller. The minimum of the negative data is about ΔHL = −1.36 kJ mol−1.
Fig. 1

Ti-Zr. Enthalpies of mixing determined by [99Thi]

Symbols and abbreviations

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Full form


integral enthalpy of mixing of a liquid alloy


  1. [70Kau]
    Kaufman, L., and H. Bernstein, „Computer Calculations of Phase Diagrams“, Academic Press, New York and London (1970)Google Scholar
  2. [99Thi]
    Thiedemann, U., M. Rösner-Kuhn, K. Drewes, G. Kuppermann, and M.G. Frohberg, Steel Research, 70 (1999) 3CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Predel
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für FestkörperforschungStuttgartGermany

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