Advertisement

Uranium in German Mineral Water – Occurrence and Origins

  • Friedhart Knolle
  • Ewald Schnug
  • Manfred Birke
  • Rula Hassoun
  • Frank Jacobs
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)

Abstract

The U content in 1216 mineral water samples from Germany collected over the last decade is presented and discussed. Nearly all waters containing > 2 μg/l U come from Permo-Triassic aquifers in Bavaria, Hesse, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Southwest Germany. Most important U source rocks are Bunter and Keuper strata, only secondarily Permian and crystalline aquifers. Anthropogenic loads are not significant, but show up in principal component analyses.

Keywords

Source Rock Mineral Water Anthropogenic Load Geodetic System Mineral Water Sample 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Birke M, Rauch U, Lorenz H (2009) Uranium in stream and mineral water of the Federal Republic of Germany. Environ Geochem Health 31: 693–706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Birke M, Demetriades A, De Vivo B, Eds. (2010) Special Issue: Mineral Waters of Europe. J Geochem Explor 107: i–viii + 217–422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung (2005) Uran in Mineralwasser: Bei Erwachsenen geringe Mengen tolerierbar, Wasser für Säuglingsnahrung sollte uranfrei sein. Stellungnahme 24/2005 vom 13.5.2005. www.bfr.bund.de/cms5w/sixcms/detail.php/6488; www.bfr.bund.de/cm/208/uran_in_mineralwasser.pdf; Pressemitteilung 22/2005 vom 30.6.2005; www.bfr.bund.de/cd/6488Google Scholar
  4. Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz (2010) Natürliche Radionuklide in Mineralwässern. www.bfs.de/ion/nahrungsmittel/mineralwasser.html, Stand 2010Google Scholar
  5. De Kok LJ, Schnug E (2008) Loads and fate of fertilizer derived uranium. Backhuys, Leiden, The Netherlands, 229 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Hassoun R (in prep.) A statistical evaluation of the contribution of mineral and tap water to the dietary intake of As, B, Cu, Li, Mo, Ni, Pb, U and Zn by humans. Diss. Fak. f. Lebenswissenschaften TU Carolo-Wilhelmina zu BraunschweigGoogle Scholar
  7. Jacobs F (in prep.) Ein Beitrag zu Vorkommen und Herkunft von As, B, Cu, Li, Mo, Ni, Pb und Zn in deutschen Mineralwässern. Diss. Fak. f. Architektur, Bauingenieurwesen und Umweltwissenschaften TU Carolo-Wilhelmina zu BraunschweigGoogle Scholar
  8. Knolle F (2008) Ein Beitrag zu Vorkommen und Herkunft von Uran in deutschen Mineral- und Leitungswässern. Diss. Fak. f. Lebenswissenschaften TU Carolo-Wilhelmina zu Braunschweig, Digital Library Braunschweig 2009: www.digibib.tu-bs.de/?docid=00027200Google Scholar
  9. Knolle F, Haneklaus S, Schnug E (2009) Indications for Contamination of Water Bodies with Uranium through Fertilization. In: Plant Nutrient Management Under Stress Conditions. Proc. 17th Int Symp CIEC, Nov 24–27, 2008, Cairo, Egypt, pp. 311–318Google Scholar
  10. Knolle F, Schnug E (2009) Vorkommen und Herkunft von Uran in deutschen Mineral- und Trinkwässern. bbr 60: 56–59Google Scholar
  11. Knolle F (2010) Neue Befunde zur Herkunft von Uran in Grund- und Leitungswässern aus Phosphatdüngern. Julius-Kühn-Archiv 424 (2009): 70–73Google Scholar
  12. Reimann C, Birke M, Eds. (2010) Geochemistry of European Bottled Water. Borntraeger Science Publ, Stuttgart, XI + 268 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Schnug E, Haneklaus S (2008) Dispersion of uranium in the environment by fertilization. In: Merkel, B.J., Hasche-Berger, A.: Uranium, Mining and Hydrogeology, Springer, Berlin, 958 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Friedhart Knolle
    • 1
  • Ewald Schnug
    • 2
  • Manfred Birke
    • 3
  • Rula Hassoun
    • 2
  • Frank Jacobs
    • 1
  1. 1.GeoPark Harz, Braunschweiger Land, Ostfalen NetworkGoslarGermany
  2. 2.Faculty 2 Life SciencesTechnical University BraunschweigBraunschweigGermany
  3. 3.Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural ResourcesBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations