Phytoextraction of Heavy Metals by Dominating Perennial Herbs

  • Gerhard Gramss
  • Klaus-Dieter Voigt
  • Dirk Merten
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)


The cosmopolitan perennials, giant goldenrod and stinging nettle reach with 6.2–11.3 t ha–1 (DW) the biomass production of those annual crops which are recommended for heavy metal extractions from soils but share with those the intolerable cleanup times. Due to their economic and environmental advantages, cropping rod and nettle, e.g., as renewable energy sources, is an interesting variant in the (remediative) use of heavy-metal contaminated soils.


Chinese Cabbage Total Heavy Metal Ammonium Treatment Cleanup Time Stinging Nettle 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerhard Gramss
    • 1
  • Klaus-Dieter Voigt
    • 2
  • Dirk Merten
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Geological SciencesFriedrich-Schiller-University JenaJenaGermany
  2. 2.Food GmbH JenaJenaGermany

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