Threats or Leverage for Korean Civil Society in Contesting Globalization

  • Hyun-Chin LimEmail author
  • Suk-Ki Kong
Part of the Transcultural Research – Heidelberg Studies on Asia and Europe in a Global Context book series (TRANSCULT, volume 5)


This chapter examines the ways in which newly emerging threats or opportunities on multiple levels impact on national social movements. By comparing strategy shifts between environmental and human rights movements in Korea since the collapse of the military dictatorship in 1987, we find that international factors such as intergovernmental organizations, neoliberalism, and the Internet have collaboratively impacted on local activism in Korea. Paradoxically, political threats at both national and international levels could offer opportunities for local groups to form alliances around, across, and even beyond national borders. In contrast to human rights groups, environmental groups that develop transnational ties and domestic institutional channels are more likely to change from an insider strategy to an outsider one, and vice versa.


Social Movement Environmental Group Korean Government Strategy Shift Political Opportunity Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Asia Center and Deapartment of SociologySeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.SeoulKorea
  3. 3.Asia Center, Seoul National UniversitySeoulKorea
  4. 4.Dongan-gu Kyungki-doKorea

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