Employability: Challenges for Education and Training Systems

  • Elena Arjona Perez
  • Christelle Garrouste
  • Kornelia Kozovska
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 73)

Abstract

The recent crisis has taken its toll in terms of unemployment, especially among young people. This has revived the debate on the contribution of Education and Training (E&T) systems to the employability of young graduates. At European policy level, there is a growing interest in creating incentives for reforming E&T systems so as to make them more responsive to future labour market needs and short term adverse labour market conditions. One of the main challenges is finding valid measures for evaluating the contribution of E&T systems to employability, taking into account their diversity within the European Union. This paper presents an operational framework of analysis for employability and discusses some of the most important challenges related to the multidimensional nature of the employability concept, the lack of data for cross-country comparison and the difficulty of disentangling the role of education and training systems from other factors in evaluating labour market outcomes.

Keywords

Employability European Education and Training Systems young graduates school-to-work transition 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arulampalam, W., Booth, A., Taylor, M.: Unemployment Persistence. Oxford Economic Papers 52, 24–50 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cedefop: Terminology of European Education and Training Policy. Publications Office, Luxembourg (2008)Google Scholar
  3. Cedefop: New Skills for New Jobs: Action Now. A report by the Expert Group on New Skills for New Jobs prepared for the European Commission. Publications Office, Luxembourg (2010a)Google Scholar
  4. Cedefop: Skill Supply and Demand in Europe: Medium-Term Forecast up to 2020. Publications Office, Luxembourg (forthcoming, 2010b)Google Scholar
  5. De Grip, A., van Loo, J., Sanders, J.: The Industry Employability Index: Taking Account of Supply and Demand Characteristics. International Labour Review 143(3), 211–233 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. European Commission: Towards Common Principles for Flexicurity: More and Better Jobs Through Flexibility and Security. COM 359 Final, Brussels (2007)Google Scholar
  7. European Commission: New Skills for New Jobs: Anticipating and Matching Labour Market and Skills Needs. COM 868, Brussels (2008)Google Scholar
  8. Progress Towards the Lisbon Objectives in Education and Training: Indicators and Benchmarks 2009. Commission staff Working Document, Brussels (2009)Google Scholar
  9. European Commission: Europe 2020, A Strategy for Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth. COM 2020 Final, Brussels (2010)Google Scholar
  10. European Union: Council Conclusions of 12 May 2009 on a Strategic Framework for European Cooperation in Education and Training (‘ET 2020’). Official Journal of the European Union C 119 of 28 May (2009)Google Scholar
  11. Eurostat: The Impact of the Crisis on Employment. Statistics in Focus 79, Luxembourg (2009)Google Scholar
  12. Gazier, B. (ed.): Employability: Concepts and Policies. European Employment Observatory Research Network. European Commission, Brussels (1999)Google Scholar
  13. Harvey, L.: Employability: Developing the Relationship Between Higher Education and Employment. Centre for Research into Quality, University of Central England, Birmingham (1999)Google Scholar
  14. Hillage, J., Pollard, E.: Employability: Developing a framework for policy analysis. UK Department for Education and Employment, Research Brief No. 85, London (1998)Google Scholar
  15. McQuaid, R., Lindsay, C.: The Concept of Employability. Urban Studies 42(2), 197–219 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. OECD: From Initial Education to Working Life. Making Transitions Work. OECD Publications, Paris (2000)Google Scholar
  17. van der Velden, R.K., Wolbers, M.H.: A Framework for Monitoring Transition Systems. OECD Education Working Papers, No. 20. Paris (2008)Google Scholar
  18. Van Loo, J., De Grip, A., de Steur, M.: Skills Obsolescence: Causes and Cures. International Journal of Manpower 22(1/2), 121–137 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena Arjona Perez
    • 1
  • Christelle Garrouste
    • 1
  • Kornelia Kozovska
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Research in Lifelong Learning (CRELL) European Commission – Joint Research CentreIspra (VA)Italy

Personalised recommendations