Toxic Shock Syndromes

  • K. B. Laupland
  • H. Dele Davies


Staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome (TSS) was first described in seven children aged 8–17 years by Todd et al. in 1978 [1]. It shortly thereafter became well known as an illness of menstruating women who used tampons [2, 3]. The syndrome is characterized by rapid onset of fever, hypotension, and multisystem failure with desquamating rash occurring in convalescence [4]. The majority of early cases reported were menstrually associated (MTSS) but this has been changing with an increasing proportion of cases non-menstrually associated (NMTSS) [5].


Kawasaki Disease Necrotizing Fasciitis Toxic Shock Syndrome Staphylococcal Enterotoxin Invasive Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. B. Laupland
    • 1
  • H. Dele Davies
    • 2
  1. 1.Departments of Medicine and Critical Care MedicineUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada
  2. 2.Departments of Pediatrics and Human DevelopmentMichigan State University, College of Human MedicineEast LansingUSA

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