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Shock Waves pp 75-86 | Cite as

Some perspectives on pulse detonation propulsion systems

  • F. K. Lu
  • D. R. Wilson
Conference paper

Abstract

Pulse detonation engines and rockets (PDE/Rs) can potentially revolutionize air breathing and rocket propulsion [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]. While the PDE concept is over five decades old, it has recently enjoyed renewed interest, due mostly to theoretical and computational studies indicating high cycle efficiencies. When modeled by a constant volume, Humphrey cycle, the detonation engine is found to be superior to that of existing constant pressure, Brayton cycles, with claims of as much as 10–40% improvement in specific impulse [4,7, 8, 9]. The constant volume process is derived from the Zeldovich-von Neumann-Döring (ZND) model of the detonation wave as a high strength shock wave, followed by a region of chemical reaction and a subsequent isentropic rarefaction. Amongst other advantages of the PDE is simplicity, where the PDE is easy to manufacture and requires few moving parts, with the possibility of eliminating high-pressure pumps in rocket applications, or reducing turbomachinery stages in air-breathing propulsion systems.

Keywords

Detonation Wave Propulsion System AIAA Paper Specific Impulse Ignition Energy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. K. Lu
    • 1
  • D. R. Wilson
    • 1
  1. 1.Aerodynamics Research Center, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering DepartmentUniversity of Texas at ArlingtonArlingtonUSA

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