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Transformation-Invariant Embedding for Image Analysis

  • Ali Ghodsi
  • Jiayuan Huang
  • Dale Schuurmans
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3024)

Abstract

Dimensionality reduction is an essential aspect of visual processing. Traditionally, linear dimensionality reduction techniques such as principle components analysis have been used to find low dimensional linear subspaces in visual data. However, sub-manifolds in natural data are rarely linear, and consequently many recent techniques have been developed for discovering non-linear manifolds. Prominent among these are Local Linear Embedding and Isomap. Unfortunately, such techniques currently use a naive appearance model that judges image similarity based solely on Euclidean distance. In visual data, Euclidean distances rarely correspond to a meaningful perceptual difference between nearby images. In this paper, we attempt to improve the quality of manifold inference techniques for visual data by modeling local neighborhoods in terms of natural transformations between images—for example, by allowing image operations that extend simple differences and linear combinations. We introduce the idea of modeling local tangent spaces of the manifold in terms of these richer transformations. Given a local tangent space representation, we then embed data in a lower dimensional coordinate system while preserving reconstruction weights. This leads to improved manifold discovery in natural image sets.

Keywords

Face Image Principle Component Analysis Target Image Visual Data Local Linear Embed 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Ghodsi
    • 1
  • Jiayuan Huang
    • 1
  • Dale Schuurmans
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Computer ScienceUniversity of Waterloo 
  2. 2.Department of Computing ScienceUniversity of Alberta 

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