Advertisement

Offener Theismus

  • Johannes Grössl
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Der Offene Theismus (engl. open theism) ist eine philosophisch-theologische Konzeption über die Natur Gottes unter der Annahme menschlicher Willensfreiheit. Gott wird dargestellt als eine notwendige Entität, als personal, zeitlich und sich verändernd. Als freier Schöpfer von allem habe er sich zu einer wechselseitigen Beziehung gegenüber seiner Schöpfung verpflichtet und gleichsam allem, was logisch daraus folgt. Da laut Offenen Theisten menschlicher freier Wille mit vollständiger göttlicher Allwissenheit logisch nicht vereinbart werden kann, wird die Ansicht vertreten, Gott habe kein Wissen über den Wahrheitswert kontingenter zukünftiger Ereignisse. Nur so ließe sich menschliche Willensfreiheit und moralische Verantwortung aufrechterhalten.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Basinger, David: Human Freedom and Divine Providence: Some New Thoughts on an Old Problem. In: Religious Studies 15 (1979), 491–510.Google Scholar
  2. Basinger, David: The Case for Freewill Theism. A Philosophical Assessment. Downers Grove 1996.Google Scholar
  3. Boyd, Gregory: God of the Possible. A Biblical Introduction to the Open View of God. Grand Rapids 2000.Google Scholar
  4. Boyd, Gregory: Satan and the Problem of Evil. Constructing a Trinitarian Warfare Theodicy. Downers Grove 2001.Google Scholar
  5. Boyd, Gregory: Response to William Lane Craig. In: Dennis W. Jowers (Hg.): God Limits His Control. Grand Rapids 2011, 123–140.Google Scholar
  6. Boyd, Gregory: The Open Future, Free Will and Divine Assurance. In: European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (2015), 231–247.Google Scholar
  7. Boyd, Gregory/Eddy, Paul: Across the Spectrum: Understanding Issues in Evangelical Theology. Grand Rapids 2009.Google Scholar
  8. Boyd, Gregory/Jowers, Dennis W.: God Limits His Control. In: Four Views on Divine Providence. Grand Rapids 2011.Google Scholar
  9. Coburn, Robert: Professor Malcolm on God. In: Australasian Journal of Philosophy 41 (1963), 143–162.Google Scholar
  10. Collins, Robin: Prayer and Open Theism: A Participatory, Co-Creator Model. In: Hasker, William u.a (Hg.): God in an Open Universe. Science, Metaphysics, and Open Theism. Eugene 2011, 161–185.Google Scholar
  11. Crisp, Thomas: Presentism and ›Cross-Time Relations‹. In: American Philosophical Quarterly 42 (2005), 5–17.Google Scholar
  12. Davidson, Matthew: Presentism and Grounding Past Truths. In: Ciuni, Roberto (Hg.): New Papers on the Present: Focus on Presentism. München 2013, 153–172.Google Scholar
  13. Erickson, Millard: What Does God Know and When Does He Know It? The Current Controversy Over Divine Foreknowledge. Grand Rapids 2003.Google Scholar
  14. Finch, Alicia/Rea, Michael: Presentism and Ockham’s Way Out. In: Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion 1 (2008), 1–17.Google Scholar
  15. Flint, Thomas: Divine Providence: The Molinist Account. Ithaca 1998.Google Scholar
  16. Frame, John: No Other God: A Response to Open Theism. Phillipsburg 2001.Google Scholar
  17. Geach, Peter: Omnipotence. In: Philosophy 48 (1973a), 7–20.Google Scholar
  18. Geach, Peter: The Future. In: New Blackfriars 54 (1973b), 208–218.Google Scholar
  19. Geach, Peter: Providence and Evil. Cambridge 1977.Google Scholar
  20. Grössl, Johannes: Ewige Kontingenzpläne – Gottes Handeln in der Welt eternalistisch gedacht. In: Zeitschrift für Katholische Theologie 136 (2014), 405–422.Google Scholar
  21. Grössl, Johannes: Die Freiheit des Menschen als Risiko Gottes. Der Offene Theismus als Konzeption der Vereinbarkeit von göttlicher Allwissenheit und menschlicher Freiheit. Münster 2015.Google Scholar
  22. Grössl, Johannes: Freiheit – Gott – Verantwortung. Ein Plädoyer für einen philosophisch und theologisch verantworteten Freiheitsbegriff auf Grundlage des restriktiven Libertarismus, Theologie und Philosophie 92/3 (2017), 371–390.Google Scholar
  23. Grössl, Johannes/Vicens, Leigh: Closing the Door on Limited-Risk Open Theism. In: Faith and Philosophy 31 (2014), 475–485.Google Scholar
  24. Gwynne, Paul: Special Divine Action: Key Issues in the Contemporary Debate (1965–1995). Rom 1996.Google Scholar
  25. Hartshorne, Charles: Deliberation and Excluded Middle. In: Journal of Philosophy 1 (1964), 476–477.Google Scholar
  26. Hasker, William: God, Time, and Knowledge. Ithaca 1989.Google Scholar
  27. Hasker, William: Providence and Evil: Three Theories. In: Religious Studies 28 (1992), 91–105.Google Scholar
  28. Hasker, William: A Philosophical Perspective. In: Pinnock, Clark u. a. (Hg.): The Openness of God: A Biblical Challenge to the Traditional Understanding of God. Downers Grove 1994, 126–154.Google Scholar
  29. Hasker, William: The Foreknowledge Problem. In: International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 50 (2001), 97–114.Google Scholar
  30. Hasker, William: The Triumph of God over Evil. Theodocy for a World of Suffering. Downers Grove 2008.Google Scholar
  31. Hunt, David: On Augustine’s Way Out. In: Faith and Philosophy 16 (1) (1999), 3–26.Google Scholar
  32. Kane, Robert: Free Will and Values. Albany 1985.Google Scholar
  33. Kraay, Klaas: Creation, World-Actualization, and God’s Choice among Possible Worlds. In: Philosophy Compass 3 (2008), 854–872.Google Scholar
  34. Kreiner, Armin: Das wahre Antlitz Gottes oder was wir meinen, wenn wir Gott sagen. Freiburg i. B. 2006.Google Scholar
  35. Lucas, John: The Future. An Essay on God, Temporality and Truth. Oxford 1989.Google Scholar
  36. Lukasiewicz, Jan: On three-valued logic [1920]. In: Borkowski, L. (Hg.): Selected works by Jan Lukasiewicz. Amsterdam 1970, 87–88.Google Scholar
  37. Mullins, Ryan: Doing Hard Time: Is God the Prisoner of the Oldest Dimension? In: Journal of Analytic Theology 2 (2014), 160–185.Google Scholar
  38. Pawl, Timothy: Immutability (2009). In: Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. http://www.iep.utm.edu/div-immu/(10.9.2017).
  39. Peterson, Michael: Reason and Religious Belief: An Introduction to Philosophy of Religion. New York 2009.Google Scholar
  40. Pike, Nelson: Divine Omniscience and Voluntary Action. In: Philosophical Review 74 (1965), 27–46.Google Scholar
  41. Pinnock, Clark: Most Moved Mover. Carlisle 2001.Google Scholar
  42. Prior, Arthur: Past, Present and Future. Oxford 1967.Google Scholar
  43. Rea, Michael: 4-Dimensionalism. In: Loux, Michael/Zimmerman, Dean (Hg.): The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics. Oxford 2003, 246–80.Google Scholar
  44. Rice, Richard: Biblical Support for a New Perspective. In: The Openness of God: A Biblical Challenge to the Traditional Understanding of God. Downers Grove 1994, 11–58.Google Scholar
  45. Sanders, John: Historical Considerations. In: The Openness of God: A Biblical Challenge to the Traditional Understanding of God. Downers Grove 1994, 59–100.Google Scholar
  46. Sanders, John: An Introduction to Open Theism. In: Reformed Review 60 (2007a), 34–50.Google Scholar
  47. Sanders, John: The God Who Risks. A Theology of Divine Providence. Revised edition. Downers Grove 2007b.Google Scholar
  48. Stump, Eleonore: Aquinas’s Account of Freedom: Intellect and Will. In: Monist 80/4 (1997), 576–597.Google Scholar
  49. Swinburne, Richard: The Coherence of Theism. Oxford 1977.Google Scholar
  50. Swinburne, Richard: The Existence of God. Oxford 2004.Google Scholar
  51. Todd, Patrick: Future Contingents Are All False! On Behalf of a Russellian Open Future. In: Mind 125 (2016), 775–798.Google Scholar
  52. Tooley, Michael: Time, Tense, and Causation. Oxford 1997.Google Scholar
  53. Tuggy, Dale: Three Roads to Open Theism. In: Faith and Philosophy 24 (2007), 28–51.Google Scholar
  54. van Inwagen, Peter: An Essay on Free Will. Oxford 1986.Google Scholar
  55. van Inwagen, Peter: When Is the Will Free? In: Philosophical Perspectives 3 (1989), 399–422.Google Scholar
  56. Vicens, Leigh: Objective Probabilities of Free Choice. In: Res Philosophica 93 (2016), 1–11.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johannes Grössl
    • 1
  1. 1.WürzburgDeutschland

Personalised recommendations