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Sozialtheorie, Sozialforschung und eine Handlungstheorie

  • James S. Coleman
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Talcott Parsons unternahm mit The Structure of Social Action (1937) einen ersten Versuch, im Zuge der Erweiterung des Rationalitätsmodells der Ökonomie und der Systematisierung des geschichtswissenschaftlichen Konzepts zielorientierten Handelns, eine, wie er es nannte, voluntaristische Handlungstheorie auszuarbeiten. Er führte damit die handlungstheoretische Perspektive, die die Grundlage eines großen Teils der europäischen Sozialtheorie war, in die amerikanische Soziologie ein, und erweiterte hierdurch die theoretische Perspektive, wie er sie bei Max Weber, Alfred Marshall und Vilfredo Pareto — drei der vier von ihm untersuchten Theoretiker — gefunden hatte. Dieser Ansatz, eine Form des methodologischen Individualismus, sucht die Sozialtheorie in einer Theorie individuellen Handelns zu begründen.

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© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2000

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  • James S. Coleman

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