Clinical Evaluation

  • Gianluca Martino Tartaglia
  • A. Gianni
  • R. Ohrbach


For each temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patient, every diagnosis is preceded by a thorough data gathering process, which begins with the standardized history and targeted clinical evaluation. A clinical assessment should flow naturally from the initial components of the history and follow a consistent pattern so that nothing is left out. If done in such a systematic manner, the information obtained will help ascertain the patient’s current functional status, diagnosis, and necessary imaging studies to obtain and to help begin to formulate treatment strategies. Lastly, this chapter will introduce the value of including electromyography combined with motion-capture technology as standard evaluations in the TMD clinical exam.


Temporomandibular disorder Clinical assessment Diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders Pain 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gianluca Martino Tartaglia
    • 1
  • A. Gianni
    • 2
  • R. Ohrbach
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Functional Anatomy Research Center (FARC)Universita degli Studi di Milano Functional Anatomy Research CenterMilanoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Maxillo-Facial SurgeryUniversity of MilanMilanItaly
  3. 3.Department of Oral Diagnostic SciencesUniversity at Buffalo School of Dental MedicineBuffaloUSA

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