Analyzing Mild- and Ultra-Mild Sliding Wear of Metallic Materials by Transmission Electron Microscopy

  • Alfons FischerEmail author
  • Wlodzimierz Dudzinski
  • Birgit Gleising
  • Priska Stemmer
Part of the Microtechnology and MEMS book series (MEMS)


Any understanding of tribological behavior is connected to sound analyses of the wear appearances, which render insight into the acting wear mechanisms and their sub-mechanisms. Today one important method to analyze wear appearances at high resolution is transmission electron microscopy (TEM) being invented by Knoll and Ruska in the early 1930th in Berlin (Knoll in Z fuer Phys 78:318–339, 1932 [1]).

Abbreviations and Terms


Auger atom emission spectroscopy


Atomic force microscopy


Electron channeling contrast


Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy


Electron energy loss spectroscopy


Energy filtered transmission electron microscopy


Focussed ion beam


Kernel average missorientation


Molecular dynamics computer simulation




Scanning electron microscopy


Transmission electron microscopy


Bright field image


Dark field image


Diffraction pattern


X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy


Nano-crystalline <100 nm


Ultrafine-crystalline 100–500 nm


Micro-crystalline 500 nm

Supplementary material


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfons Fischer
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Wlodzimierz Dudzinski
    • 2
  • Birgit Gleising
    • 3
  • Priska Stemmer
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of Duisburg-EssenDuisburgGermany
  2. 2.Faculty of Technology and EngineeringWroclaw University of Science and TechnologyWroclawPoland
  3. 3.CeNIDE-ICAN, Interdisciplinary Center for Analytics on the NanoscaleUniversity of Duisburg-EssenDuisburgGermany

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