Electron Microscopy and Microanalysis for Wear Surface Characterization

Focused Ion-Beam, Electron Backscattered Diffraction and Transmission Electron Microscopy
  • Joseph R. Michael
  • Paul G. Kotula
  • Somuri V. PrasadEmail author
Part of the Microtechnology and MEMS book series (MEMS)


Wear surface analysis , specifically in the subsurface regions, is essential for understanding the fundamental mechanisms of friction and material removal during wear. The advent of focused ion-beam systems (combined scanning electron and focused ion-beam microscopes) has made it possible to prepare site-specific cross sections of wear surfaces for scanning electron microscopy, electron backscattered diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray microanalysis. During the past decade, these state-of-the-art electron microscopy techniques are being increasingly used to characterize wear-induced changes to microstructures and crystallographic textures.



Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-mission laboratory managed and operated by National Technology and Engineering Solutions of Sandia, LLC., a wholly owned subsidiary of Honeywell International, Inc., for the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-NA0003525. The authors gratefully acknowledge Professor Thomas W. Scharf, University of North Texas, for many years of collaboration with the authors on this subject, and Dr. Corbett Battaile for critically reviewing the manuscript. Special thanks to Michael Rye for the FIB work and to Bonnie McKenzie for the SEM, EBSD and TKD studies.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph R. Michael
    • 1
  • Paul G. Kotula
    • 1
  • Somuri V. Prasad
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Sandia National LaboratoriesAlbuquerqueUSA

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