Ultrasound and Morbidly Obese Patient
Obesity is a condition of excessive body fat. The prevalence of significant obesity continues to rise in both developed and developing countries. Adipose tissue distribution may be better predictor of health risk. Morbidity and mortality rise sharply when the BMI is >30 kg/m−2.
Morbidly obese individuals are at greater risk of mortality from diabetes, cardiorespiratory and cerebrovascular disorders and certain forms of cancer. Echocardiography plays a major role in quantifying left heart chamber dimensions, which are thought to increase proportionally with increasing body size.
KeywordsMorbidly obese patient Cardiovascular disease Body mass index Echocardiography
- Alauddin A, Neterissian S, Lisbona R, NacLean LD, Forse RA. Assessment of cardiac function in patients who were morbidly obese. Surgery. 1990;108:809–20.Google Scholar
- Alexander JK, Woodard CB, Quinones MA. Heart failure from obesity. In: Mancini M, Lewis B, Contaldo F, editors. Medical complications of obesity. London: Academic Press; 1978. p. 178–87.Google Scholar
- Azevedo A, Ramos E, von Hafe P, Barros H. Upper-body adiposity and risk of myocardial infarction. J Cardiovas Risk. 1999;6:32l–5.Google Scholar
- Brodksy JB. Anesthetic management of the morbidly obese patient. Int Anesthesiol Clin. 1986;24:93–103.Google Scholar
- Grundy SM, Hansen B, Smith SC, et al. American Heart Association, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, American Diabetes Association. Clinical management of metabolic syndrome: report of the American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/American Diabetes Association conference on scientific issues related to management. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2004;24(2):e19–24.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- Lang RM, Biering M, Devereux RB, Flachskampf FA, et al. Chamber quantification writing group, American Society of Echocardiography’s Guidelines and Standards Committee, European Association of Echocardiography. Recommendations for chamber quantification: a report from the American Society of Echocardiography’s Guidelines and Standards Committee and the European Association of Echocardiography, a branch of the European Society of Cardiology. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2005;18:1440–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar