Ultrasound-Guided Central and Peripheral Vein Cannulation
Ultrasound (US) guidance is recommended in the case of central and deep peripheral vein venipuncture. Evidences have showed a reduced risk of immediate and long-term complications using US in respect to “landmark techniques.” In this chapter we briefly review the advantages of US applied to vein cannulation; basic principles of echo-anatomy of neck, chest, and arm veins; as well as the technique of US venipuncture. Principal approaches are also here described.
KeywordsUltrasound Central vascular access devices (CVADs) Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) Catheter-related thrombosis (CRT) Catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSI)
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