Ultrasound Morphology of the Heart: Transthoracic Examination

  • Armando Sarti
  • Simone CipaniEmail author
  • Costanza Innocenti


The standard transthoracic echocardiographic examination of the patient in the ICU is described.


Transthoracic examination Transthoracic echocardiography Echocardiography Transthoracic echocardiographic views Ultrasonography of the heart Intensive care echocardiography 


  1. 1.
    Sarti A. Ecocardiografia per l’intensivista. Milan: Springer; 2009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Feigenbaum H, Armstrong WF, Ryan T. Feigenbaum’s echocardiography. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2009.Google Scholar
  2. Oh JK, Steward JB, Tajik AJ. The Echo manual. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2007.Google Scholar
  3. Otto C. The practice of clinical echocardiography. 5th ed. New York: Elsevier; 2017.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Armando Sarti
    • 1
  • Simone Cipani
    • 2
    Email author
  • Costanza Innocenti
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesia and Intensive CareSanta Maria Annunziata HospitalFlorenceItaly
  2. 2.Department of Anesthesia and Intensive CareSanta Maria Nuova HospitalFlorenceItaly
  3. 3.Department of Anesthesia and Intensive CareNuovo ospedale San Giovanni di DioFlorenceItaly

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