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Interactive Approach for Earthquake Scenario Development and Hazards Resource Estimation

  • B. S. Chaudhary
  • Ram Kumar Singh
  • Nupur Bhatia
  • Ravi Mishra
  • Md Ataullah Raza Khan
  • Juhi Yadav
  • Shashikanta Patairiya
Chapter

Abstract

Indian subcontinent attained present physical form due to vast tectonic movements that resulted into large number of earthquakes. In studies it has been found that more than 50% area in the country is prone to damaging earthquakes. The northeastern part of India as well as the entire Himalayan belt is susceptible to earthquake of magnitude more than 8.0. The present study is principally aimed at understanding the intricate seismological processes in the study area, Sikkim which is on hilly terrain of Eastern Himalayas. Sikkim is situated in a region where major cause of earthquake is displacement of the Indian plate toward the Eurasian plate having complex geology. Remote sensing and GIS model builder and syntax were proven for hazard and vulnerable map creation used in earthquake scenarios development, planning, management, and resource estimation. In this study the preliminary factors including geology, topography, slope, relief, land use/cover, major roads, and historical epicenter were used with mechanical weightage, and overlay categorization was used for hazard index map and zone identification.

Keywords

Earthquake scenarios management Hazard index map Overlay analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. S. Chaudhary
    • 1
  • Ram Kumar Singh
    • 2
  • Nupur Bhatia
    • 3
  • Ravi Mishra
    • 3
  • Md Ataullah Raza Khan
    • 3
  • Juhi Yadav
    • 3
  • Shashikanta Patairiya
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of GeophysicsKurukshetra UniversityKurukshetraIndia
  2. 2.Department of Natural ResourcesTERI School of Advanced StudiesNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Remote Sensing and GISKumaun UniversityAlmoraIndia
  4. 4.Gurugram Metropolitan Development AuthorityGurugramIndia

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