Assessment of Forest Species Diversity in Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan, India

  • Pavan Kumar
  • Haroon Sajjad
  • Sufia Rehman
  • Purva Jain


This study makes an attempt to assess tree species diversity in Sariska Tiger Reserve (STR), Rajasthan, India, using Sentinel-2A data. We collected tree samples from ten plots in STR through random variable probability selection method. A total of 62 different species and 584 individual trees were selected from the plots using a principal coordinates of neighborhood matrices (PCNM). Four ecological indicator indices, namely, Margalef index (SR), Simpson’s diversity (D) index, Shannon-Wiener index (H′), and Pielou’s index (J), were utilized for measuring species diversity. Results revealed that Simpson’s diversity (D) index was more suited for determining species diversity, while Shannon-Wiener index (H/) was found to be the best index for assessing species richness. The methodology used in this study can help forest managers, environmentalist, and conservationist for formulating policies for management of forest ecosystem at various scales. This approach will be instructive in examining varied tree species and their richness with Simpson’s diversity (D) index and Shannon-Wiener index (H/).


Species diversity Species richness Simpson’s diversity index Shannon-Wiener index Sariska Tiger Reserve 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pavan Kumar
    • 1
  • Haroon Sajjad
    • 1
  • Sufia Rehman
    • 1
  • Purva Jain
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyJamia Millia IslamiaNew DelhiIndia

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