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Perioperative Psychiatric Aspects in Neurosurgery

  • Sahil Munjal
  • Paula C. Zimbrean
Chapter

Abstract

Neurosurgical treatment for conditions such as epilepsy, traumatic brain injury, or brain tumor is often accompanied by perioperative psychiatric symptoms regardless of preexisting psychiatric conditions. These symptoms may be related to the underlying neurosurgical condition, the neurosurgical intervention itself (e.g., resection), or the medications used in the perioperative setting (e.g., anesthesia or corticosteroids). Comorbid neurological conditions may further complicate the management of the psychiatric presentations in this setting due to increased sensitivity to psychotropic medications or to the psychoactive effects of other agents. This chapter reviews the literature relevant to the perioperative psychiatric assessment and management in patients undergoing the most common neurosurgical procedures.

Keywords

Neurosurgery Neuropsychiatry Brain tumor Traumatic brain injury Epilepsy surgery 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Yale University School of Medicine, Department of PsychiatryNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry and Surgery (Transplant)Yale University School of Medicine, Yale UniversityNew HavenUSA

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