Integrative Therapies for Pain Modulation

  • Joan Pope
  • Aron Legler


Since the 1970s, there has been an increase in both the development and use of integrative therapies, and from the mid-1990s until 2014, there have been hundreds of research studies regarding the efficacy and/or validity of these therapies. Most of these studies concur that integrative therapies reduce pain, anxiety, and fear and promote general well-being. For the most part, no formal education in any of these therapies occurs within educational institutions other than a lecture or guest speaker conferences. This chapter is an account of some of the uses and benefits of these treatments. It is not the intent to be all inclusive, but rather to assist in opening colleagues to pursue personal learning and/or referring patients to receive such treatments.


Acupuncture Deep relaxation Guided imagery Meditation Massage Hypnotherapy Reflexology 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Memorial Sloan KetteringNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Memorial Sloan Kettering, Department of AnesthesiologyNew YorkUSA

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