The goals of rehabilitation efforts in the cancer setting include relieving symptoms, improving quality of life, enhancing functional independence, and preventing further complications. Achieving these goals involves an interdisciplinary rehabilitation team including physiatry, nursing, physical and occupational therapists, speech therapists, social workers, and case managers. Incorporation of a certified prosthetist/orthotist should also be included as bracing can represent a step in conservative rehabilitation care for selected patients. Many different off-the-shelf and custom bracing options are available. Selection of brace is based on a patient’s needs, medical and oncologic status, surgical status, and stability, goals, and mobility.
Kyphosis Scoliosis Low back pain Vertebral compression fracture Head cervical orthosis Cervicothoracic orthosis Soft cervical collar Thoracolumbosacral orthosis Lumbosacral orthosis
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Lee SH, Grant R, Kennedy C, Kilbride L. Positioning and spinal bracing for pain relief in metastatic spinal cord compression in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;9:CD007609.Google Scholar
Lantz SA, Schultz AB. Lumbar spine orthosis wearing. II. Effect on trunk muscle myoelectric activity. Spine. 1986;11(8):838–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kim DH, Chang UK, Kim SH, Bilsky MH, editors. Tumors of the spine. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier; 2008.Google Scholar
Sciubba DM, Gokaslan ZL. Diagnosis and management of metastatic spine disease. Surg Oncol. 2006;15(3):141–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Raj VS, Lofton L. Rehabilitation and treatment of spinal cord tumors. J Spinal Cord Med. 2013;36(1):4–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Longo UG, Loppini M, Denaro L, Maffulli N, Denaro V. Osteoporotic vertebral fractures: current concepts of conservative care. Br Med Bull. 2012;102:171–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Spinal cord medicine. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2011.Google Scholar
Vaccaro A, editor. Fractures of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc; 2002.Google Scholar
Wong CC, McGirt MJ. Vertebral compression fractures: a review of current management and multimodal therapy. J Multidiscip Healthc. 2013;6:205–14.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
Sinaki M. Exercise for patients with osteoporosis: management of vertebral compression fractures and trunk strengthening for fall prevention. PMR. 2012;4(11):882–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kim EK, Kim JS. Correlation between rounded shoulder posture, neck disability indices, and degree of forward head posture. J Phys Ther Sci. 2016;28(10):2929–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Seidel C, Kuhnt T, Kortmann RD, Hering K. Radiation-induced camptocormia and dropped head syndrome: review and case report of radiation-induced movement disorders. Strahlenther Onkol. 2015;191(10):765–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walsh NE, Schwartz RK. The influence of prophylactic orthoses on abdominal strength and low back injury in the workplace. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 1990;69(5):245–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar