Sperm Retrieval in the Azoospermic Patient in Young Adult and Humans: The Klinefelter Syndrome

  • Elena Vittoria Longhi
  • Alessandro Franceschelli


Clinical surgical practice, although fruitful and often prone to exceeding the limits of basic pathologies, cannot disregard the knowledge of the complexity of these young patients as well as of adults looking for parenthood.

The psychosexologist, in these cases, seems to be a necessary resource in framing the emotional, psychic, and relational fragilities of the patient and in accompanying him in the clinical therapeutic process, favoring the affirmation of the sexual role and of the violated virility.


Azoospermia Testicular sperm retrieval Male infertility Reproductive techniques Prognosis Klinefelter’s syndrome 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena Vittoria Longhi
    • 1
  • Alessandro Franceschelli
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Urology, Sexual Medical CenterIRCCS San Raphael Hospital, Vita and Salute UniversityMilanItaly
  2. 2.Az. Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Bologna—Policlinico S. Orsola-MalpighiBolognaItaly

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