Zinc Based Spinel Oxides for Energy Conversion and Storage Applications

  • Faheem K. Butt
  • Sajid Ur Rehman


Recently, ZnV2O4 gained a great attention of the researchers in the field of energy storage applications. The main reason is that both zinc and vanadium are economical, earth abundant and have a variety of electrochemistry to offer. The different oxidation states of vanadium deliver a vast range of redox reactions which are favorable for energy (electrochemical) storage applications. In this chapter facile and template free methods are presented for the synthesis of novel hierarchical nanospheres (NHNs), glomerulus nano/microspheres and spinel oxide nanosheets of ZnV2O4 to be used in different energy storage applications including Lithium ion batteries (LIBs), hydrogen storage and supercapacitors. Also, ZnV2O4 is studied for the thermoelectric properties to be used in thermoelectric devices. These studies overlay the way to consider ZnV2O4 as a potential candidate for energy storage applications in future. This comprehensive review will boost the relevant research with a view to work on further performance enhancement of ZnV2O4 materials.



Financial support from Alexander von Humboldt Foundation and Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) is gratefully acknowledged.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Faheem K. Butt
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sajid Ur Rehman
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Science and Technology, Department of PhysicsUniversity of EducationLahorePakistan
  2. 2.Physik-Department, ECSTechnische Universität MünchenGarchingGermany
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory on Integrated Optoelectronics, Institute of SemiconductorsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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