Advertisement

Origins and Implications of Family Structure Across Italian Provinces in Historical Perspective

  • Graziella BertocchiEmail author
  • Monica BozzanoEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Studies in Economic History book series (SEH)

Abstract

In this chapter we review the literature on the origins and implications of family structure in historical perspective with a focus on Italian provinces. Furthermore, we present newly collected data on three of the main features of family structure: the female mean age at marriage, the female celibacy rate, and the fraction of illegitimate births. Data are collected at the provincial level for 1871. The analysis of the data allows us to confirm and quantify the geographic differentiation in family patterns across the country. We also illustrate the links between family structure and a set of socioeconomic outcomes, in the short, medium, and long run.

Keywords

Family structure Italian provinces Institutions Culture Development 

JEL Codes

J12 N33 O1 Z1 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank three reviewers for their comments and suggestions. Generous financial support from Fondazione Cassa Risparmio di Modena and the Italian University Ministry is gratefully acknowledged.

References

  1. A’Hearn B, Vecchi G (2011) Statura. In: Vecchi G (ed) In ricchezza e in povertà: il benessere degli italiani dall’unità a oggi. Il Mulino, Bologna, pp 37–72Google Scholar
  2. Alesina AF, Giuliano P (2010) The power of the family. J Econ Growth 15:93–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alesina AF, Giuliano P (2014) Family ties. In: Aghion P, Durlauf S (eds) Handbook of economic growth, vol 2. North Holland, Oxford, pp 177–215Google Scholar
  4. Banfield E (1958) The moral basis of a backward society. Free, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Barbagli M (1987) Sistemi di Formazione della Famiglia in Italia. Bollettino di Demografia Storica 2:80–127Google Scholar
  6. Barbagli M (1991) Three household formation systems in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Italy. In: Kertzer D, Saller R (eds) The family in Italy from the antiquity to the present. New Yale University Press, New HavenGoogle Scholar
  7. Bertocchi G, Bozzano M (2015) Family structure and the education gender gap: evidence from Italian provinces. CESifo Econ Stud 61:263–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bertocchi G, Bozzano M (2016) Women, medieval commerce, and the education gender gap. J Comp Econ 44:496–521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bisin A, Verdier T (2000) Beyond the melting pot: cultural transmission, marriage, and the evolution of ethnic and religious traits. Q J Econ 115:955–988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bloch M (1949) Apologie pour l’Histoire ou Métier d’Historien. Librairie Armand Colin, ParisGoogle Scholar
  11. Bozzano M (2017) On the historical roots of women’s empowerment across Italian provinces: religion or family culture? Eur J Polit Econ 49:24–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Campa P, Casarico A, Profeta P (2011) Gender culture and gender gap in employment. CESifo Econ Stud 57(1):156–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Carmichael S, De Moor T, van Zanden JL (2011) Introduction. Hist Fam 16:309–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Carmichael SG, De Pleijt A, van Zanden JL, De Moor T (2016) The European marriage pattern and its measurement. J Econ Hist 76:196–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ciccarelli C, Fenoaltea S (2013) Through the magnifying glass: provincial aspects of industrial growth in post-unification Italy. Econ Hist Rev 66:57–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Curtis DR (2014) The EMP in pre-industrial Italy: some notes. Mimeo, Leiden UniversityGoogle Scholar
  17. Del Panta L, Livi Bacci M, Pinto G, Sonnino E (1996) La Popolazione Italiana dal Medioevo a Oggi. Laterza, RomeGoogle Scholar
  18. De Moor T, van Zanden JL (2010) Girl power: the European marriage pattern and labour markets in the North Sea region in the late medieval and early modern period. Econ Hist Rev 63:1–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Dennison T, Ogilvie S (2014) Does the European marriage pattern explain economic growth? J Econ Hist 74:651–693CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Dennison T, Ogilvie S (2016) Institutions, demography, and economic growth. J Econ Hist 76:215–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Dilli S (2016) Family systems and the historical roots of global gaps in democracy. Econ Hist Develop Regions 31:82–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Dilli S, Rijpma A, Carmichael S (2015) Achieving gender equality: development versus historical legacies. CESifo Econ Stud 61:301–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. DIRSTAT (1877) Popolazione. Movimento dello Stato Civile. Anno 1875. Tipografia Cenniniana, RomeGoogle Scholar
  24. Duranton G, Rodriguez-Pose A, Sandall R (2009) Family types and the persistence of regional disparities in Europe. Econ Geogr 85:23–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Fernández R, Fogli A (2009) Culture: an empirical investigation of beliefs, work, and fertility. Am Econ J Macroecon 1(1):146–177Google Scholar
  26. Foreman-Peck J (2011) The Western European marriage pattern and economic development. Explor Econ Hist 48:292–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Galasso V, Profeta P (2018) When the state mirrors the family: the design of pension systems. J Eur Econ Assoc 16:1712–1763CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Greif A (2006) Family structure, institutions, and growth: the origins and implications of Western corporations. Am Econ Rev 96:308–312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Greif A, Tabellini G (2017) The clan and the corporation: sustaining cooperation in China and Europe. J Comp Econ 45:1–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Guiso L, Sapienza P, Zingales L (2006) Does culture affect economic outcomes? J Econ Perspect 20:23–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Hajnal J (1965) European marriage patterns in perspective. In: Glass DV, Eversley DEC (eds) Population in history: essays in historical demography. Edward Arnold, London, pp 101–143Google Scholar
  32. Hajnal J (1982) Two kinds of preindustrial household formation system. Popul Dev Rev 8:449–494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Herlihy D, Klapisch-Zuber C (1978). Les Toscans et Leurs Familles. Une Etude du Catasto Florentin de 1427. Editions de l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, ParisGoogle Scholar
  34. ISTAT (2009) Atlante Statistico dei Comuni. Settore Ambiente e Territorio, Istituto Nazionale di Statistica, RomeGoogle Scholar
  35. Istituto Guglielmo Tagliacarne (2011) Reddito e Occupazione nelle Province Italiane dal 1861 ad Oggi. Istituto Guglielmo Tagliacarne, RomeGoogle Scholar
  36. Kertzer D, Brettell C (1987) Advances in Italian and Iberian family history. J Fam Hist 12:87–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Kertzer D, Hogan D (1991) Reflections on the European marriage pattern: sharecropping and proletarianisation in Casalecchio, Italy, 1861-1921. J Fam Hist 16:31–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Laslett P (1977) Family life and illicit love in earlier generations. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Laslett P (1983) Family and household as work group and kin group: areas of traditional Europe compared. In: Wall R, Robin J, Laslett P (eds) Family forms in historic Europe. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  40. Laslett P, Wall R (1972) Household and family in past time. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Livi Bacci M (1980) Donna, Fecondità e Figli. Il Mulino, BolognaGoogle Scholar
  42. MAIC (1872) Censimento della Popolazione del Regno d’Italia al 31 Dicembre 1871. Stamperia Reale, RomeGoogle Scholar
  43. MAIC (1874) Statistica del Regno d’Italia. Popolazione. Movimento dello Stato Civile nell’Anno 1871. Stamperia Reale, FlorenceGoogle Scholar
  44. MAIC (1875) Statistica del Regno d’Italia. Popolazione. Movimento dello Stato Civile nell’Anno 1872. Stamperia Reale, RomeGoogle Scholar
  45. MAIC (1882) Statistica del Regno d’Italia. Popolazione. Movimento dello Stato Civile. Anno XX – 1881. Tipografia Bodoniana, RomeGoogle Scholar
  46. MAIC (1883) Censimento della Popolazione del Regno d’Italia al 31 Dicembre 1881. Tipografia Bodoniana, RomeGoogle Scholar
  47. Malthus TR (1798) An essay on the principle of population. J Johnson, LondonGoogle Scholar
  48. Silverman S (1968) Agricultural organization, social structure, and values in Italy: amoral familism reconsidered. Am Anthropol 70:1–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Silverman SF (1975) Three bells of civilization: the life of an Italian Hill Town. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  50. Todd E (1984) L’Enfance du Monde, Structures Familiales et Developpement. Seuil, ParisGoogle Scholar
  51. Todd E (1985) The explanation of ideology: family structures and social system. Basil Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  52. Todd E (1990) L’Invention de l’Europe. Seuil, ParisGoogle Scholar
  53. Tur-Prats A (2018) Family types and intimate-partner violence: a historical perspective. Rev Econ Stat. (forthcoming)Google Scholar
  54. Viazzo PP (2003) What’s so special about the Mediterranean? Thirty years of research on household and family in Italy. Continuity Change 18:111–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Voigtlander N, Voth H-J (2013) How the West ‘invented’ fertility restriction. Am Econ Rev 103:2227–2264CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Economia Marco BiagiUniversity of Modena and Reggio Emilia/CEPR, CHILD, Dondena and IZAModenaItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di GiurisprudenzaUniversity of PaviaPaviaItaly

Personalised recommendations