Radiation Protection

  • Ruben Pauwels


This chapter deals with radiation protection aspects of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) imaging techniques involving ionizing radiation. Due to stochastic effects and, at very high doses, tissue reactions caused by X-rays, radiation protection of patients, staff, and public should always be taken into account. Specifically, for patients, every exposure should be justified and optimized, by selecting the most appropriate imaging technique for individual patients and ensuring that the patient dose is as low as reasonably achievable. For staff and public, dose limits need to be adhered to.


Radiation protection Radiation dose Effective dose Justification Optimization 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruben Pauwels
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentKU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Faculty of DentistryChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand

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