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Introduction to TMJ Imaging

  • Kaan Orhan
Chapter

Abstract

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ), one of the body’s most complex joints, connects the mandible to the skull, and this kind of joint system has the capacity to perform complex and bilateral movements. Owing to its complex anatomy, thorough investigation is required to find the correct etiology of TMJ disorders. Such investigation starts from clinical examination and proceeds to imaging strategies that should be performed meticulously. Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a term used for any problems that affect the TMJ. Possible causes of TMD include injury to the TMJ or related anatomical structures, clenching of the teeth (bruxism), disc dislocation, the presence of osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis in the TMJ, emotional stress, and aging. The most common TMDs are pain dysfunction syndrome, internal derangement, arthritis, and traumas. Radiographic imaging is an important element in achieving the correct diagnosis. Because of the anatomic complexity of the TMJ and its proximity to the temporal bone, mastoid air cells, and auditory structures, imaging of the joint structures should also be investigated. Therefore, careful clinical and radiological examinations are essential for the evaluation of the TMJ. In this book, TMJ anatomy, imaging methods, the classification of various pathologies, and radiological techniques are discussed.

Keywords

Temporomandibular joint Anatomy TMJ disorders TMJ imaging 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaan Orhan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Dentomaxillofacial RadiologyAnkara University, Faculty of DentistryAnkaraTurkey

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