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Spinal Meningiomas

  • Roberto Delfini
  • Benedetta Fazzolari
  • Davide Colistra
Chapter

Abstract

Spinal meningiomas make up less than 25% of all spine tumors, and are far less frequent than intracranial tumors. In the few last decades, a better knowledge of these tumors has significantly improved the surgical management of spinal cord meningiomas by demonstrating the relationship between patient status, outcome and the tumor pathology, tumor location and ossification; improvements in neurophysiological monitoring and neuro-anesthesia and the development of innovative variations to the traditional approaches to spinal cord tumors. In this chapter, we summarize the typical features of spinal meningiomas listing by incidence, prevalence, clinical and radiological patterns and histopathological types. Moreover, we describe the various types of surgical approaches usually performed for spinal meningioma excision, including the posterior approach, posterolateral approach, and anterior approach. We also describe the new T-line concept, which could be useful for decision-making about the most feasible approach for each case. Finally, we describe possible complications of this surgery and how to avoid them.

Keywords

Spinal meningioma Ossified spinal meningioma Meningioma diagnostic tools Meningioma epidemiology Meningioma clinical features Histopathological pattern spinal meningioma Spinal meningioma surgery Posterior approach Posterolateral approach Anterior approach 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberto Delfini
    • 1
  • Benedetta Fazzolari
    • 2
  • Davide Colistra
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurosurgery Unit, Department of Neurology and PsychiatryPoliclinico Umberto I, Sapienza University of RomeRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryOspedale S. M. Goretti, Sapienza University of RomeLatinaItaly

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