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Mushrooms as a Biological Tool in Mycoremediation of Polluted Soils

  • Monika Thakur
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science book series (BRIEFSENVIRONMENTAL)

Abstract

One of the major environmental problems faced by today’s world is the contamination of soil, water, and air by toxic chemicals, and the distinct and unique role of microorganisms in the detoxification of polluted soil and environments is well recognized. Fungal mycelia have been primary governors for maintaining ecological equilibrium because they control the flow of nutrients. The strength and health of any ecosystem is a direct measure of its main components—the fungal populations and their interaction with other organisms such as plants, animals, and bacteria. Using fungi as the starter culture species in a mycoremediation project sets the stage for other organisms to participate in the rehabilitation process. The introduction of fungal mycelium into a polluted site triggers a flow of activity and begins to replenish the polluted ecosystem. Mycoremediation is an economically and environmentally sound alternative for bioremediation. It is not widely used at present, but this technology has wider potential than other technologies. Fungi perform a wide variety of functions in ecosystem and potentially have been proven to be clean, simple, and relatively inexpensive for environmental remediation. Examples of fungi used as mycoremediators are Pleurotus ostreatus ; Rhizopus arrhizus; Phanerochaete chrysosporium and P. sordida; and Tramates hirsuta and T. versicolor; and Lentinus edodes and L. tigrinus. Thus, this clean technology has greater potential and its untapped potential has to be fully exploited.

Keyword

Bioremediation Mycoremediation In situ Ex situ Mushroom mycelium Polluted soil Underexploited 

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© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Amity Institute of Food TechnologyAmity UniversityNoidaIndia

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