Advertisement

Research on Water Jet Cutting of Polymer Composites Based on Epoxy/Waste Fibres from Coconut Processing

  • Müller Miroslav
  • Valášek Petr
  • Novotný Jan
  • Ruggiero Alessandro
  • D’Amato Roberto
  • Habrová Karolína
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)

Abstract

This paper deals with a machining of polymer fibre composite materials reinforced with a waste from coconut processing by means of an unconventional technology, i.e. an abrasive water jet (AWJ) and a water jet (WJ). Short and long fibres from the waste/a by-product from the coconut processing were used as the reinforcement within the research. The composite material was made by a vacuum infusion method. These composite materials are difficult to cut by another cutting method. They are used as a design upper/view element which is applied on a basic material, e.g. chipboards. These materials have to be cut precisely according to requirements of a shape and dimensions of a final product, e.g. for furniture industry. The paper deals with a study of an influence of the abrasive water jet and the water jet at their impact on a surface of the machined polymer fibre composite material. SEM analysis proved that a considerable destruction of the material occurred at the water jet outlet, i.e. on a bottom side of the cut, under unsuitable cutting conditions and at an absence of the abrasive grains which is an undesirable factor for following applications of these materials.

Keywords

AWJ Biological reinforcement Cutting speed Kerf width Quality of cut SEM WJ 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This paper has been made with the assistance of the grant IGA TF CZU (Research on mechanical properties of polymeric composite materials cut by water jet).

References

  1. 1.
    Naprstkova, N., Kusmierczak, S.: Analysis of decrease machinability possible causes for claimed alloy. Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 10(31), 94–101 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Novak, M., Naprstkova, N.: The influence of cutting conditions on surface roughness during steel X38CrMoV5 grinding. Key Eng. Mater. 581, 247–254 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Valášek, P., D’Amato, R., Müller, M., Ruggiero, A.: Mechanical properties and abrasive wear of white/brown coir epoxy. Compos. Part B Eng. 146, 88–97 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Müller, M., Valášek, P.: Research on aluminium alloy AlCu4 Mg surface machined by abrasive water jet. Manuf. Technol. 17(6), 925–930 (2017)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kušnerová, M., Foldyna, J., Sitek, L., Valicek, J., Hloch, S., Harnicarova, M., Kadnar, M.: Innovative approach to advanced modulated waterjet technology. Technicki Vjesnik-Technical Gazette 19(3), 475–480 (2012)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wang, J., Guo, D.M.: A predictive depth of penetration model for abrasive waterjet cutting of polymer matrix composites. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 121, 390–394 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Foldyna, J., Klich, J., Hlaváček, P., Zeleňák, M., Ščučka, J.: Erosion of metals by pulsating water jet. Tehnicki Vjesnik 19(2), 381–386 (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Shanmugam, D.K., Nguyen, T., Wang, J.: A study of delamination on graphite/epoxy composites in abrasive waterjet machining. Compos. Part A 39, 923–929 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Shanmugam, D.K., Chen, F.L., Siores, E., Brandt, M.: Comparative study of jetting machining technologies over laser machining technology for cutting composite materials. Compos. Struct. 57, 289–296 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lemma, E., Chen, F.L., Siores, E., Wang, J.: Study of cutting fiber reinforced composites by using abrasive waterjet with cutting head oscillation. Compos. Struct. 57, 297–303 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Müller, M., D’Amato, R., Rudawska, A.: Machining of polymeric composites by means of abrasive water-jet technology. In 16th International Scientific Conference: Engineering for Rural Development, pp. 121–127. Latvia University Agriculture, Faculty Engineering, Latvia (2017)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wang, J.: Abrasive water jet machining of polymer matrix composites-cutting performance, erosive process and predictive models. Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 15, 757–768 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Müller Miroslav
    • 1
  • Valášek Petr
    • 1
  • Novotný Jan
    • 2
  • Ruggiero Alessandro
    • 3
  • D’Amato Roberto
    • 4
  • Habrová Karolína
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering, Department of Material Science and Manufacturing TechnologyCzech University of Life Sciences PraguePragueCzech Republic
  2. 2.Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringJ E Purkyně University in Ústí nad LabemÚstí nad LabemCzech Republic
  3. 3.Department of Industrial EngineeringUniversita di SalernoSalernoItaly
  4. 4.Departamento de Ingeniería Mecánica y ConstrucciónUniversidad Politecnica de MadridMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations