Evaluation of Possibility of AISI 304 Stainless Steel Mechanical Surface Treatment with Ultrasonically Enhanced Pulsating Water Jet

  • Dominika LehockáEmail author
  • Vladimír Simkulet
  • Jiří Klich
  • Zdeněk Štorkan
  • Lucie Krejčí
  • Ján Kepič
  • Jaroslav Birčák
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


Experimental study described in this article is focused on evaluation of dynamic effect of PWJ on disintegration efficiency on AISI 304 stainless steel surface. AISI304 stainless steel was disintegrated with circular nozzle diameter 1.19 mm, pressure 70 MPa, frequency 20.25 kHz and traverse speed 100 mm.s−1 (202 impacts per millimeter). Disintegration efficiency was evaluated based on surface and subsurface characteristics. Surface characteristics were evaluated based on surface topography and roughness parameters Ra [μm], Rz [μm], Rp [μm] and Rv [μm] comparison of disintegrated and non-affected area. Subsurface changes in material structure were described based on metallographic analysis and hardness measurement HV0.2 under the eroded area. The results of the disintegration efficiency evaluation of AISI 304 stainless steel surface show that was no massive erosion of material. Surface quality was slightly changed. Small microscopic craters were predominantly created on surface. Craters were characterized with predominant pitting mechanism and prevails fracture mechanism of material removal.


Ultrasonic Pulsating water jet Surface topography Microstructure Stainless steel 



This work was supported by projects: VEGA 1/0096/18, KEGA č. 036TUKE-4/2017, APVV-15-0700 and by the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic projects No. FV 10446 and FV 30233. The experiments were conducted with the support of the Institute of Clean Technologies for Mining and Utilization of Raw Materials for Energy Use - Sustainability Program, reg. no. LO1406 financed by Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic, and supported by a project for the long-term conceptual development of the research institution RVO: 68145535.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dominika Lehocká
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Vladimír Simkulet
    • 1
  • Jiří Klich
    • 2
  • Zdeněk Štorkan
    • 3
  • Lucie Krejčí
    • 3
  • Ján Kepič
    • 4
  • Jaroslav Birčák
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Manufacturing Technologies with A Seat in PresovTechnical University of KosicePresovSlovak Republic
  2. 2.Institute of GeonicsThe Czech Academy of SciencesOstrava-PorubaCzech Republic
  3. 3.Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringVSB - Technical University of OstravaOstrava-PorubaCzech Republic
  4. 4.Institute of Materials ResearchSlovak Academy of Sciences, UMV SAVKosiceSlovak Republic

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