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Tectonic History of the Granitoids and Kadiri Schist Belt in the SW of Cuddapah Basin, Andhra Pradesh, India

  • Sukanta GoswamiEmail author
  • P. K. Upadhyay
Chapter
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)

Abstract

This contribution focuses on a few aspects starting with a field-based newly prepared map of the study area around the northern extreme of the Kadiri greenstone belt and the surrounding granitoids. After geological understanding the petrologic and geochemical analyses of samples reveal its tectonics. Field setting and geochemistry connotes ocean-continent subduction as the broad tectonic environment of the study area, which consists of back arc basin sub-environment as well. The calc-alkaline nature of rocks indicates a volcanic arc setting. The eroded volcaniclastic materials from high land deposited in the back arc basin in association with characteristic magmatism. Basic to intermediate back arc basin lava must have supplied elements such as Fe, Mn, Mg, S, Si etc. to form the Banded Iron Formation (BIF) and chert at the oxidation-reduction interface. The plutonic suite include granite, diorite, granodiorite, gabbro etc. occur in the Dharwar batholith above the subduction zone and possibly provided magma to the overlying volcanic arcs. The greenstone belt litho-units comprise dominantly acid volcanics viz. rhyolite, dacite, rhyodacite along with andesite and meta-basalt. Later, rifting of Cuddapah basin with emplacement of dyke swarm switching into an extensional regime led to sedimentation of eroded materials from the basement provinance. The sub-elliptical clasts of variable sized BIF, chert, quartzite and granitic composition and matrix supported nature of conglomerate above Eparchaean unconformity indicate multiple sources. The sub rounded clast and moderately sorted submature texture of conglomerate above the unconformity indicates moderate transportation. The proposed model presents spatial and temporal evolution of the terrain.

Keywords

Kadiri schist belt Tectonics Eparchaean unconformity Andhra pradesh Cuddapah basin Greenstone belt 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors express sincere gratitude to Shri L. K. Nanda, Director, AMD for encouragement and infrastructure support to publish the part of the assigned work. The support and help extended by Dr. Syed Zakaulla (RD/SR, Bangalore), Shri. A. K. Bhatt (Dy. RD/SR, Bangalore) and Shri. V. Natarajan (SO/H) are thankfully acknowledged. We thank Soumyajit Mukherjee (IIT Bombay) for reviewing and handling this manuscript. The Springer team is thanked for proof preparation and other assistance. Vide Vanik et al. (2018) for paleostress analyses procedure, and Tripathy et al. (2019) and Mukherjee et al. (in press) for other tectonic updates of the Cuddapah basin. Mukherjee (2019) summarizes this work.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Atomic EnergyAtomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and ResearchBengaluruIndia

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