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Fold-Thrust Belt Architecture and Structural Evolution of the Northern Part of the Nallamalai Fold Belt, Cuddapah Basin, Andhra Pradesh, India

  • Vikash TripathyEmail author
  • Satyapal
  • S. K. Mitra
  • V. V. Sesha Sai
Chapter
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)

Abstract

Two major structural events characterize the tectonic evolution of the northern part of the Nallamalai Fold Belt (NFB): (1) the Late Paleoproterozoic or Early Mesoproterozoic Dn1 compression due to the thrusting of granitic gneiss and Nellore Schist Belt (NSB) over the eastern part of the NFB possibly related to the Columbia supercontinental activities; and (2) the Late Neoproterozoic-Early Cambrian Dn2 deformation in the NFB due to its overthrust movement on the western and northern part of the undeformed Cuddapah basin (i.e., the Kurnool and the Palnad sub-basins). The late structures with NW to N vergent hanging wall lithounits (NFB) are represented by several map-scale imbricate thrust sheets, flat and ramp structures, asymmetrical to overturned folds, and structures associated with nappe. The nature of deformation in the footwall (Kurnool Group in Palnad sub-basin) and the hanging wall (NFB) structures are also elaborated in view of the possible regional tectonics. Progressive oroclinal model is also proposed here to explain the changes in the structural trend of NFB from NE to E. The variations of the NFB structures in conjunction with the regional structures connotes of thin-skinned deformation during Pan-African period, which are examined to constrain the possible plate kinematics related to the convergence of East Gondwana fragments.

Keywords

Nallamalai Fold Belt (NFB) Nellore Schist Belt (NSB) Palnad sub-basin Pan-African orogeny Orocline Fold-and-thrust belt 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the Director General, Geological Survey of India and Additional Director General, GSI, SR, Hyderabad for kindly according permission to publish the work. This work is part of the GSI project for FS 2012-14 at state unit: Andhra Pradesh. The authors are grateful to Dr. Soumyajit Mukherjee (IIT, Bombay), Editor for his kind invitation for contribution to this book. This manuscript benefited greatly from the constructive reviews and criticisms by editor and an anonymous reviewer. The views expressed in this paper are of authors and not necessarily of GSI. Vide Mukherjee et al. (in press) for recent tectonic updates from the southern portion of the Cuddapah basin, and Goswami and Upadhyay (2019) in a similar context. Mukherjee (2019) summarizes this work.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vikash Tripathy
    • 1
    Email author
  • Satyapal
    • 2
  • S. K. Mitra
    • 3
  • V. V. Sesha Sai
    • 3
  1. 1.Geological Survey of India, Training InstituteHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Geological Survey of IndiaJaipurIndia
  3. 3.Geological Survey of IndiaHyderabadIndia

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