Ionospheric Space Weather Targets
The applications of the scientific findings, methods, models, and techniques are reviewed in an effort to achieve greatly improved specification/nowcasting and forecasting of the effects of ionospheric space weather. A useful analogy is drawn between ionospheric space weather and terrestrial weather. It is observed that, once ionospheric weather has been fully accepted as an extremely important environmental issue, the solar-terrestrial events can be essentially predictable (from the Sun to the Earth, to other planets, and beyond into the interstellar medium).
KeywordsSpace weather targets Mitigation Earth’s environment EQ
References and Further Reading
- Berngardt OI (2017) Space weather impact on radio device operation. Solar Terr Phys 3(3):40–60Google Scholar
- Bremer J, Laštovička J, Mikhailov AV et al (2009) Climate of the upper atmosphere. Ann Geofis LII(¾):77–101Google Scholar
- ITU-R Rec. P.532-1 (1992) Ionospheric effects and operational considerations associated with artificial modification of the ionosphere and radio-wave channel. International Telecommunications Union, GenevaGoogle Scholar
- Thorpe AJ (2005) Climate change prediction: a challenging scientific problem. Policy paper for the UK Institute of PhysicsGoogle Scholar