Ionospheric Space Weather Targets

  • Ljiljana R. CanderEmail author
Part of the Springer Geophysics book series (SPRINGERGEOPHYS)


The applications of the scientific findings, methods, models, and techniques are reviewed in an effort to achieve greatly improved specification/nowcasting and forecasting of the effects of ionospheric space weather. A useful analogy is drawn between ionospheric space weather and terrestrial weather. It is observed that, once ionospheric weather has been fully accepted as an extremely important environmental issue, the solar-terrestrial events can be essentially predictable (from the Sun to the Earth, to other planets, and beyond into the interstellar medium).


Space weather targets Mitigation Earth’s environment EQ 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.RAL Space, Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL)DidcotUK

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