Ionospheric Weather in Action

  • Ljiljana R. CanderEmail author
Part of the Springer Geophysics book series (SPRINGERGEOPHYS)


An introduction to the ionospheric space weather currently underway, as solar activity is steadily declining towards the approaching solar minimum. The examples cited include the September 2017, March 2018, and June 2018 events, underlining how the solar-terrestrial environment will be largely dominated by internal dynamics as we near the end of Solar Cycle 24.


Solar Cycle SC24 Solar minimum foF2 MUF(3000)F2 VTEC 

References and Further Reading

  1. Aa E, Huang W, Liu S et al (2018) Midlatitude plasma bubbles over China and adjacent ares during a magnetic storm on 8 September 2017. Space Weather. Scholar
  2. Belehaki A, James S, Hapgood MA et al (2016) The ESPAS e-infrastructure: access to data from near-Earth space, Adv Space Res 58:1177–1200. Scholar
  3. Berger T, Matthiä D, Burmeister S et al (2018) The solar particle event on 10 September 2017 as observed on‐board the International Space Station (ISS). Space Weather.
  4. Bonadonna M, Jonas S, McNamara E (2017) New federal government space weather website and document repository launched. Space Weather. Scholar
  5. Greenwald RA (2017) The importance of international collaboration in space research. Radio Sci 52. Scholar
  6. Huang X, Reinisch BW (2001) Vertical electron content from ionograms in real time. Radio Sci 36:335–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lei J, Huang F, Chen X et al (2018) Was magnetic storm the only driver of the long-duration enhancements of daytime total electron content in the Asian-Australian sector between 7 and 12 September 2017? J Geophys Res. Scholar
  8. Wang W, Lei J, Burns AG et al (2011) Ionospheric day-to-day variability around the whole heliosphere interval in 2008. In: Bisi MM, Emery B, Thompson BN (eds) The Sun–Earth connection near Solar minimum, Solar Phys. Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.RAL Space, Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL)DidcotUK

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