Advertisement

Introduction

  • Stephanie Mohammed
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Plant Science book series (BRIEFSPLANT)

Abstract

Hydroponics is a form of soilless agriculture that is dependent on an aerated water enriched nutrient solution. It is categorized into various forms such as the nutrient film technique, drip system, aeroponics, Ebb flow, water culture and wick system that are adaptive based on the variety of plants and conditions required for optimal growth.

Keywords

Hydroponics Mechanical medium Nutrients 

References

  1. 1.
    Duren L (2001) Home garden hydroponics. Duren Company, Middleton, p 1Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Benton J, J Jr (1982) Hydroponics: history and use in plant nutrition studies. J Plant Nutr 5(8):1003–1030Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Stone M (2004). How to hydroponics- a beginners and intermediates in dept Guide to hydroponicsGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hall DO, Rao KK (1999) Photosynthesis, 6th edn. Cambridge University Press Chapter 1Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bell GE (2011) Turfgrass physiology and ecology, advanced management principles. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p 78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Clayton KR (1980) Photosynthesis: physical mechanisms and chemical patterns. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 3–54Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bhattacharya S (2008) Science in action 8. Pearsons Education, p 35Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Burkett CW, Stevens LF, Hill HD (1904) Agriculture for beginners, Rev. edn. Medprintor, p 38Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Logsdon S, Clay D, Moore D, Tseyaye (2008) Soil science step-by-step field analysis. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, p 147Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Peverill KI, Sparrow LA, Reuter DJ (1999) Soil analysis: an interpretation manual. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, p 129Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Alexander T (2000) The best of the growing edge: popular hydroponics and gardening for small commercial growers and hobbyists. New Moon Publishing Inc, Corvallis, pp 39–60Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Resh HM (2004) Hydroponic food production: a definitive guidebook for the advanced home gardener and the commercial hydroponic grower, 6th edn. New Concepts Press Inc, Boca Raton, pp 63–64Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    McCaskill J. (1998). Plant nutrient facts for hydroponics and how to make your own fully formulated plant nutrientGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Alexander T, Parker D (2002) The best of the growing edge. New Moon Publishing Inc, Corvallis, p 3Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Benton J, J Jr (2005) Hydroponics: a practical guide for soiless growers, 2nd edn. CRC Press, pp 1–28Google Scholar
  16. 19.
    Roberto K (2003) How to hydroponics, 4th edn. Future garden Inc, p 22Google Scholar
  17. 20.
    Tripp T (2014) Hydroponics systems: how to build a hydroponic system for your garden. Speedy Publishing LLCGoogle Scholar
  18. 21.
    Yeats P (2012) The hydroponics garden: growing without soil. Healing Self and Spirit Ltd, p 21Google Scholar
  19. 22.
    Zobel RW, Tredici PD, Torrey JG (1976) Method for growing plants aeroponically. Plant Physiol 57(3):344–346CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. 23.
    Harris D (1992) Hydroponics: the complete guide to gardening without soil. New Holland Publishing, London, p 16Google Scholar
  21. 24.
    Sheikh BA (2006) Hydroponic: key to sustain agriculture in water stressed and urban environment. Pak J Agric Agric Eng Vet Sci 22:53–57Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephanie Mohammed
    • 1
  1. 1.Iere Group InternationalPrinces TownTrinidad and Tobago

Personalised recommendations