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The Upper Living Levels: Invertebrate Macrofauna

  • Carl Van ColenEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Aquatic Ecology Series book series (AQEC, volume 7)

Abstract

Mudflats provide a suitable habitat for a functionally diverse invertebrate macrofauna community that can cope with the high variability in sediment physico-chemical conditions associated with the tidal regime. The most common macrofaunal taxonomic groups are annelids, molluscs and crustaceans. Macrofauna are usually the link from primary producers, meiofauna, and detritus to higher trophic levels like wading birds and epibenthic fish that forage in mudflats. Behavioral activities related to macrofauna feeding, burrowing and respiration alter biogeochemistry and mudflat sediment dynamics and are thus of paramount importance for the cycling of energy and matter in mudflats from estuaries, mangroves and coastal lagoons. Variability in abiotic and biotic interactions structures macrofauna communities in space and time and hence defines the influence macrofauna has on the diversity and functioning of the wider ecosystem through direct and indirect interactions.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Marine Biology Research Group, Department of BiologyUniversity of GhentGhentBelgium

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