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Microphytobenthic Biofilms: Composition and Interactions

  • Cédric HubasEmail author
  • Claire Passarelli
  • David M. Paterson
Chapter
Part of the Aquatic Ecology Series book series (AQEC, volume 7)

Abstract

Microphytobenthic biofilms in mudflats are characterised by a wide variety of microorganisms and the production of large quantities of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). In this chapter, the diversity of microphytobenthos (MPB) is reviewed and the complex interactions that take place in mudflat biofilms between microalgae and bacteria are discussed. Microbial interaction in natural biofilms is an emerging field of study in mudflat ecosystems. Although emphasis is placed on EPS and EPS-mediated interactions, because they have received most of the research attention, more direct interactions such as communication and defence are also discussed. Most studies to date have dealt with monospecific or multispecific laboratory biofilms, and environmental studies are still very rare. The development of this field of study in mudflat ecosystems is clearly a major requirement in our understanding of the functioning of mudflat biofilms.

Notes

Acknowledgments

CH was supported by the BIO-Tide project, funded through the 2015–2016 BiodivERsA COFUND call for research proposals, with the national funders BelSPO, FWO, ANR and SNSF. CP receives funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 702217. Results presented in Fig. 4.2 stem from work supported by a JSPS fellowship to CP (grant number PE 14764), and this support is gratefully acknowledged. DMP received funding from the MASTS pooling initiative (The Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland funded by the Scottish Funding Council; grant reference HR09011) and contributing institutions, and work reported stems from support provided by the Templeton Foundation (JTF number 60501) and the NERC Blue-coast consortium (NE/N016009/1).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cédric Hubas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Claire Passarelli
    • 2
  • David M. Paterson
    • 3
  1. 1.Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, UMR BOREA, MNHN-CNRS-UCN-UPMC-IRD-UA, Station Marine de ConcarneauConcarneauFrance
  2. 2.School of Biological SciencesUniversity of EssexColchesterUK
  3. 3.Sediment Ecology Research Group, Scottish Oceans Institute, School of BiologyUniversity of St AndrewsSt AndrewsUK

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