Pain pp 365-367 | Cite as

Sex and Gender Issues in Pain

  • Mowafak AbdelghaniEmail author
  • Hala Sadik


Men and women can exhibit different modes of pain behaviour, and treatment should be directed accordingly. Women are given more prolonged courses of opioids while death rates (from opioids) are higher in men.


Gender Women Opioids Coping strategies 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain MedicineCentral Manchester Hospitals, Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation TrustManchesterUK
  2. 2.Warrington and Halton Hospitals NHS Foundation TrustWarringtonUK

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