Chronic pain adversely affects individuals’ physical as well as emotional well-being. Despite the recent advances in the treatment of pain, the cure of pain remains ambiguous. The extent of improvement in emotional, physical, and social functioning is often below satisfaction. A cognitive-behavioral model has been proposed to explain the role of cognitive appraisal variables in mediating the development of emotional distress following chronic pain. Physical and psychosocial disability in patients with chronic pain has been shown to be associated with patients’ pain-related beliefs, tendency to catastrophize, and use of coping strategies.
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