Pain pp 189-195 | Cite as

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Functional MRI (fMRI), and MR Spectroscopy

  • Tariq MalikEmail author
  • Jonathan Song


Imaging is a useful tool for evaluating a patient with spine or limb pain, after a thorough history and physical examination. The main goal of imaging is to find an undiagnosed systemic source of pain. In approximately 95% of patients with lower back pain, a benign process is the cause. Imaging modalities are then used to find undiagnosed systemic diseases and etiologies of the remaining 5%. This guide considers magnetic resonance imaging for musculoskeletal pathologies that result in back pain.


MRI T1 signal T2 signal fMRI MRI spectroscopy Modic changes 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesia and Critical CareUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Rehabilitation and Physical MedicineMt Sinai HospitalChicagoUSA

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