Pain pp 119-121 | Cite as

Measurement of Burden in a Population, Including Epidemiologic Measures of Occurrence

  • Aaron S. HessEmail author
  • Alaa Abd-Elsayed


Measures of disease are based on three components: the number of cases (numerator) the number of persons at risk (denominator) and the relevant duration of risk. Definition of these measures is straightforward, but measurement in a real population can present challenges for the investigator.


Disease burden Incidence Incidence rate Prevalence Outcomes measures Risk 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA

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