Pain pp 105-107 | Cite as

Ethics of Pain Management and Research

  • Vishal M. Patel
  • Thelma B. WrightEmail author


Medical ethics are based upon the four pillars: Autonomy, Beneficence, Justice and Non-maleficence. These pillars guide physician decision making when a moral dilemma arises. Ethical applications in pain research revolve around sound design, informed consent, population selection and alternative pain treatment availability.


Medical ethics Informed consent Research 


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    WMA declaration of Helsinki – ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects. The World Medical Association; 19 Oct. 2013.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Pain MedicineUniversity of Maryland Medical CenterBaltimoreUSA

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