Pain pp 1173-1177 | Cite as

List of Addictive Drugs and Their Metabolites in Urine

  • Akshat Gargya
  • Gaurav TrehanEmail author
  • Stephen McCaughan


Medications are increasingly being abused and lead to addiction and overdose. Activation of dopamine mesolimbic system forms the common pathway of addiction by both prescription and illegal drugs. It is very important to know the metabolic products of those drugs for appropriate monitoring of patient use of prescribed medications and detection of illegal drug use.


Addiction Opioids Illegal drugs 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akshat Gargya
    • 1
  • Gaurav Trehan
    • 2
    Email author
  • Stephen McCaughan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyTemple University HospitalPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Anesthesiology and Critical CareLewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

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